critical thinking: definition and foundation.

Foundation of Critical thinking:

 

Critical thinking is defined by The national Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, inĀ 1987.A statement by Michael Screven & Richard Paul, presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Education Reform, Summer 1987.

Definition:

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.

Functions:

  • evidence through reality.
  • Context skills to isolate the problem from context
  • Relevant criteria for making the judgment well
  • Applicable methods or techniques for forming the judgment
  • Applicable theoretical constructs for understanding the problem and the question at hand
  • reconstruct one’s patterns of beliefs on the basis of wider experience
  • Render accurate judgments about specific things and qualities in everyday life.

someone with critical thinking skills can:

  • understand the link between ideas.
  • Recognise, build and appraise arguments.
  • Approach problems in a consistent and systematic way.

Try this simple example so you can start thinking critically:

thinking of something that someone has told you recently. Then ask yourself the following question:

who said it?

The Result..

A well cultivated critical thinker:

  • raises vital question and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely.
  • Gather relative information, using abstract ideas, testing them against relevant criteria and standards.
  • thinks openmindedly within alternative system of thoughts.
  • communicates affectively with others in figure out solutions into complex problem.
critical thinking is in short: self-directed, self-employed, self-monitored, self corrective thinking.

 

 

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